Part Time | Cityvarsity Programme
Short Programmes upgrade skills and knowledge to ensure success in a chosen field of learning, but are not credit bearing and not registered on the National Qualifications Framework (NQF).
The course is designed to give students a solid grounding in video camera theory and operation, and in lighting for video. This is a practically orientated course aimed at equipping the enthusiastic amateur, or the would-be pro with the basic theory and skills necessary to create a quality video product. Practical projects will be carried out under the supervision of the lecturer.
TIME: 17:30 to 21:30 | DAY: MON | DURATION: 32 + 4hrs/8 weeks
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INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE
How we work. The relationship between theory and practical. Rules of the road.
The roles of the various personnel making up the camera crew and those crew members working closely with the camera crew: Camera Operator, Focus Puller, Clapper Loader, Gaffer, Grip (and Rigging Grip), Script Supervisor, Production Designer, the Director and the Production Personnel including Assistant Director. The Director of Photography from prep to post.
Film/video formats/uses, types of camera. Bolex to Pannavision, 8mm – High Def
Practical: Set up and take a look at various cameras.
- Technical background for video.
- Technical background for film cameras:
- Lens functions and characteristics
- Focal length
- Depth of field, depth of focus
- Circle of confusion
- Control of focus
- Lens resolution
- Light as it relates to lens function
Practical: Setting up the video camera and monitor. White balance and focus. Zooming. Rolling tape.
CAMERA SUPPORT EQUIPMENT
- Heads: geared, fluid and friction
- Dollies: When and how to work – the do’s and the don’ts
- Hand-holding and steadicam
- Specialist mounts: gimbals, car mounts and aerial mounts
- Moving the camera
Practical: Panning and tilting. Using a dolly. Using a jib/crane.
COMPOSITION AND THE FRAME
- The frame
- Aspect ratio
- Compositional forms
DESIGNING SHOTS, VISUAL VOCABULARY
- Different shots
- Camera angles
- Lens choice
- Crossing the Line
Practical: Framing different shots
CHARACTERISTICS OF LIGHT
- Color temperature
- Measuring light
- Contrast Ratios
FILTERS AND GELS
- a) Camera filters
- Color correction
- Effects filters
- b) Source filters/Gels
Practical: Set up a light. Examine focused and unfocused light. Use different gels and filters.
LIGHT SOURCES AND THEIR USES
GRIP AND ELECTRIC EQUIPMENT
- Stands/flags/clamps etc
- Ordering of equipment
Practical: Examine different kinds of lights. Examine and set up grip equipment.
- 3 point lighting
- Lighting for Exteriors
- Mixed lighting techniques, cross lighting etc.
- Lighting for effect.
Practical: Set up three point lighting. Try different lighting effects
LIGHT METERS AND THEIR USE
- Luminance revisited.
- The zone system
- Different meters and their use
- Microphone types.
- Using a boom
- Dialogue, foley, music